Total disc arthroplasty or artificial disc replacement are other terms for cervical disc replacement. In this technique, an injured cervical disc is scrapped and replaced with a metallic or polymer prosthesis. Surgeons begin by cutting a slit in the base of the neck and gently removing any tissue. The injured disc, as well as any bone spurs, are removed. The prosthesis is then placed, and the wound is closed. After a cervical total disc replacement and mild activities for two to three weeks, you can return to work. Settle six to eight weeks before engaging in more rigorous activities.
An anterior approach to access the upper spine is the typical surgical method for a cervical ADR. This anterior surgical technique has been utilized to remove the injured disc during anterior cervical discectomy and fusion procedure. Like the one described here, a solitary cervical ADR operation takes around an hour.
In the weeks preceding up to cervical total disc replacement operation, the surgeon usually does the following:
Cigarettes and other tobacco products should be avoided- Tobacco has been shown to increase the chance of surgical complications, including infection, harm to the bones, and recovery period.
Examine your meds- In the days preceding up to and during the Cervical treatment, several medicines may need to be momentarily stopped or their dosages lowered. Any medicine that may raise the risk of excessive bleeding, bad interaction with anesthesia, or impaired bone mending, for instance, would need to be disclosed to the doctor. Supplements may be included in this list.
Examine your body- The patient’s general health must be assessed, including genetic screening, to verify that they can endure the operation and recuperation procedure.
Minor if any food or drink is permitted after midnight before procedures planned in the morning. Generally, no food is allowed for 7 hours before the operation.
ACDF has always been the best model in cervical spine treatment for several years. It’s risk-free, efficient, easy to do, and fast to recover through.
There are two stages to an ACDF operation. The injured or herniated cervical disc will be eradicated (discectomy). The damaged vertebra is then covered with graft material to stimulate it to develop into the spine in front or behind it. This prevents the vertebrae from moving and causing discomfort. In the “anterior” technique, the surgeon enters the cervical spine from the front of the neck rather than the rear, which is simpler. Most people can come back to work and do mild activities within a few weeks; however, some may need longer (a couple of months).
One of these operations can efficiently treat herniated discs and other cervical spine disorders. Patients and physicians will collaborate to choose which surgery is best for their health and circumstance.
For a variety of reasons, ACDF may be desirable, such as:
- The ACDF is constituted: surgeons have performed ACDF operations for ages. Both its efficacy and safety features are well-known.
- More persons can be treated with ACDF: ACDF may be appropriate for those who have undergone prior neck surgery, have injured vertebral structures, or have facet joint dysfunction.
Cervical disc replacement surgery has been progressively prevalent, and for a clear reason. This is both safe and efficient in treating cervical discomfort and radiculopathy.
Cervical disc replacement doesn’t involve a bone transplant: It is just as ACDF does not require a synthetic disc. ACDF carries the risk of nonunion, which occurs when the bone transplant fails to connect the vertebrae. On the other side, there is a substantially decreased probability of failure once a replacement has been properly sized and placed.